There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

A car's milometer reads 4631 miles and the trip meter has 173.3 on it. How many more miles must the car travel before the two numbers contain the same digits in the same order?

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight hidden squares?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

Here are four tiles. They can be arranged in a 2 by 2 square so that this large square has a green edge. If the tiles are moved around, we can make a 2 by 2 square with a blue edge... Now try to. . . .

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

In a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses, how many winning lines can you make?

If it takes four men one day to build a wall, how long does it take 60,000 men to build a similar wall?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What properties do your answers always have?

In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?

What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Is it always possible to combine two paints made up in the ratios 1:x and 1:y and turn them into paint made up in the ratio a:b ? Can you find an efficent way of doing this?

A decorator can buy pink paint from two manufacturers. What is the least number he would need of each type in order to produce different shades of pink.

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

Sissa cleverly asked the King for a reward that sounded quite modest but turned out to be rather large...

Can you arrange these numbers into 7 subsets, each of three numbers, so that when the numbers in each are added together, they make seven consecutive numbers?

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

How many solutions can you find to this sum? Each of the different letters stands for a different number.

Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?