This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

Some people offer advice on how to win at games of chance, or how to influence probability in your favour. Can you decide whether advice is good or not?

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

How many more miles must the car travel before the numbers on the milometer and the trip meter contain the same digits in the same order?

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Can you arrange these numbers into 7 subsets, each of three numbers, so that when the numbers in each are added together, they make seven consecutive numbers?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

A decorator can buy pink paint from two manufacturers. What is the least number he would need of each type in order to produce different shades of pink.

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Is it always possible to combine two paints made up in the ratios 1:x and 1:y and turn them into paint made up in the ratio a:b ? Can you find an efficent way of doing this?

The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. The Greedy Algorithm might provide us with an efficient way of doing this.

A jigsaw where pieces only go together if the fractions are equivalent.

Sissa cleverly asked the King for a reward that sounded quite modest but turned out to be rather large...

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

An aluminium can contains 330 ml of cola. If the can's diameter is 6 cm what is the can's height?

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Explore when it is possible to construct a circle which just touches all four sides of a quadrilateral.

The number 2.525252525252.... can be written as a fraction. What is the sum of the denominator and numerator?

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?