Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

Two ladders are propped up against facing walls. The end of the first ladder is 10 metres above the foot of the first wall. The end of the second ladder is 5 metres above the foot of the second. . . .

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

A hexagon, with sides alternately a and b units in length, is inscribed in a circle. How big is the radius of the circle?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

An observer is on top of a lighthouse. How far from the foot of the lighthouse is the horizon that the observer can see?

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

Explore when it is possible to construct a circle which just touches all four sides of a quadrilateral.

Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.

A 1 metre cube has one face on the ground and one face against a wall. A 4 metre ladder leans against the wall and just touches the cube. How high is the top of the ladder above the ground?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

Each of the following shapes is made from arcs of a circle of radius r. What is the perimeter of a shape with 3, 4, 5 and n "nodes".

Some people offer advice on how to win at games of chance, or how to influence probability in your favour. Can you decide whether advice is good or not?

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

A decorator can buy pink paint from two manufacturers. What is the least number he would need of each type in order to produce different shades of pink.

Is it always possible to combine two paints made up in the ratios 1:x and 1:y and turn them into paint made up in the ratio a:b ? Can you find an efficent way of doing this?

If you move the tiles around, can you make squares with different coloured edges?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

Can you arrange these numbers into 7 subsets, each of three numbers, so that when the numbers in each are added together, they make seven consecutive numbers?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Find the decimal equivalents of the fractions one ninth, one ninety ninth, one nine hundred and ninety ninth etc. Explain the pattern you get and generalise.

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

A plastic funnel is used to pour liquids through narrow apertures. What shape funnel would use the least amount of plastic to manufacture for any specific volume ?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Chris and Jo put two red and four blue ribbons in a box. They each pick a ribbon from the box without looking. Jo wins if the two ribbons are the same colour. Is the game fair?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

An aluminium can contains 330 ml of cola. If the can's diameter is 6 cm what is the can's height?

Which of these games would you play to give yourself the best possible chance of winning a prize?