Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

If you move the tiles around, can you make squares with different coloured edges?

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Can you maximise the area available to a grazing goat?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the end and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. Did you get a multiple of 11?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Find the decimal equivalents of the fractions one ninth, one ninety ninth, one nine hundred and ninety ninth etc. Explain the pattern you get and generalise.

In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight hidden squares?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

What does this number mean ? Which order of 1, 2, 3 and 4 makes the highest value ? Which makes the lowest ?

Sissa cleverly asked the King for a reward that sounded quite modest but turned out to be rather large...

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...