The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

How many more miles must the car travel before the numbers on the milometer and the trip meter contain the same digits in the same order?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Sissa cleverly asked the King for a reward that sounded quite modest but turned out to be rather large...

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What properties do your answers always have?

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

The number 2.525252525252.... can be written as a fraction. What is the sum of the denominator and numerator?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

What does this number mean ? Which order of 1, 2, 3 and 4 makes the highest value ? Which makes the lowest ?

An aluminium can contains 330 ml of cola. If the can's diameter is 6 cm what is the can's height?

What is the greatest volume you can get for a rectangular (cuboid) parcel if the maximum combined length and girth are 2 metres?

Can you arrange these numbers into 7 subsets, each of three numbers, so that when the numbers in each are added together, they make seven consecutive numbers?

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

Some people offer advice on how to win at games of chance, or how to influence probability in your favour. Can you decide whether advice is good or not?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

If you move the tiles around, can you make squares with different coloured edges?