The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

How many more miles must the car travel before the numbers on the milometer and the trip meter contain the same digits in the same order?

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the 'back of the queue' and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. What properties do your answers always have?

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

My two digit number is special because adding the sum of its digits to the product of its digits gives me my original number. What could my number be?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Sissa cleverly asked the King for a reward that sounded quite modest but turned out to be rather large...

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

The number 2.525252525252.... can be written as a fraction. What is the sum of the denominator and numerator?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

What is the greatest volume you can get for a rectangular (cuboid) parcel if the maximum combined length and girth are 2 metres?

An aluminium can contains 330 ml of cola. If the can's diameter is 6 cm what is the can's height?

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

Some people offer advice on how to win at games of chance, or how to influence probability in your favour. Can you decide whether advice is good or not?

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

A game for 2 or more people, based on the traditional card game Rummy. Players aim to make two `tricks', where each trick has to consist of a picture of a shape, a name that describes that shape, and. . . .

On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight hidden squares?

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?