Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Think of two whole numbers under 10, and follow the steps. I can work out both your numbers very quickly. How?

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Find the decimal equivalents of the fractions one ninth, one ninety ninth, one nine hundred and ninety ninth etc. Explain the pattern you get and generalise.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Different combinations of the weights available allow you to make different totals. Which totals can you make?

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

Some people offer advice on how to win at games of chance, or how to influence probability in your favour. Can you decide whether advice is good or not?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

A decorator can buy pink paint from two manufacturers. What is the least number he would need of each type in order to produce different shades of pink.

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

Five children went into the sweet shop after school. There were choco bars, chews, mini eggs and lollypops, all costing under 50p. Suggest a way in which Nathan could spend all his money.

In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight hidden squares?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?

If you move the tiles around, can you make squares with different coloured edges?

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the end and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. Did you get a multiple of 11?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

An investigation involving adding and subtracting sets of consecutive numbers. Lots to find out, lots to explore.

Can you arrange these numbers into 7 subsets, each of three numbers, so that when the numbers in each are added together, they make seven consecutive numbers?

The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. The Greedy Algorithm might provide us with an efficient way of doing this.

A jigsaw where pieces only go together if the fractions are equivalent.

If it takes four men one day to build a wall, how long does it take 60,000 men to build a similar wall?