What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How can she do this in order to share the money out equally?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

A 2-Digit number is squared. When this 2-digit number is reversed and squared, the difference between the squares is also a square. What is the 2-digit number?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

All CD Heaven stores were given the same number of a popular CD to sell for £24. In their two week sale each store reduces the price of the CD by 25% ... How many CDs did the store sell at. . . .

Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Rectangle PQRS has X and Y on the edges. Triangles PQY, YRX and XSP have equal areas. Prove X and Y divide the sides of PQRS in the golden ratio.

Water freezes at 0°Celsius (32°Fahrenheit) and boils at 100°C (212°Fahrenheit). Is there a temperature at which Celsius and Fahrenheit readings are the same?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

Liam's house has a staircase with 12 steps. He can go down the steps one at a time or two at time. In how many different ways can Liam go down the 12 steps?

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

If you move the tiles around, can you make squares with different coloured edges?

Here is a chance to create some attractive images by rotating shapes through multiples of 90 degrees, or 30 degrees, or 72 degrees or...

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight hidden squares?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

There are lots of different methods to find out what the shapes are worth - how many can you find?

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Take any four digit number. Move the first digit to the end and move the rest along. Now add your two numbers. Did you get a multiple of 11?

Is it always possible to combine two paints made up in the ratios 1:x and 1:y and turn them into paint made up in the ratio a:b ? Can you find an efficent way of doing this?

A decorator can buy pink paint from two manufacturers. What is the least number he would need of each type in order to produce different shades of pink.

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.