What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.

Two ladders are propped up against facing walls. The end of the first ladder is 10 metres above the foot of the first wall. The end of the second ladder is 5 metres above the foot of the second. . . .

In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?

All CD Heaven stores were given the same number of a popular CD to sell for £24. In their two week sale each store reduces the price of the CD by 25% ... How many CDs did the store sell at. . . .

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

Given an equilateral triangle inside an isosceles triangle, can you find a relationship between the angles?

Water freezes at 0°Celsius (32°Fahrenheit) and boils at 100°C (212°Fahrenheit). Is there a temperature at which Celsius and Fahrenheit readings are the same?

There are lots of different methods to find out what the shapes are worth - how many can you find?

A 2-Digit number is squared. When this 2-digit number is reversed and squared, the difference between the squares is also a square. What is the 2-digit number?

Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .

The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

A car's milometer reads 4631 miles and the trip meter has 173.3 on it. How many more miles must the car travel before the two numbers contain the same digits in the same order?

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

Find the decimal equivalents of the fractions one ninth, one ninety ninth, one nine hundred and ninety ninth etc. Explain the pattern you get and generalise.

A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How can she do this in order to share the money out equally?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

Is it always possible to combine two paints made up in the ratios 1:x and 1:y and turn them into paint made up in the ratio a:b ? Can you find an efficent way of doing this?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Substitute -1, -2 or -3, into an algebraic expression and you'll get three results. Is it possible to tell in advance which of those three will be the largest ?