What is the area of the quadrilateral APOQ? Working on the building blocks will give you some insights that may help you to work it out.

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

Show that if you add 1 to the product of four consecutive numbers the answer is ALWAYS a perfect square.

The sums of the squares of three related numbers is also a perfect square - can you explain why?

Take any prime number greater than 3 , square it and subtract one. Working on the building blocks will help you to explain what is special about your results.

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Which set of numbers that add to 10 have the largest product?

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

If a sum invested gains 10% each year how long before it has doubled its value?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

A circle of radius r touches two sides of a right angled triangle, sides x and y, and has its centre on the hypotenuse. Can you prove the formula linking x, y and r?

A circle is inscribed in a triangle which has side lengths of 8, 15 and 17 cm. What is the radius of the circle?

Two ladders are propped up against facing walls. The end of the first ladder is 10 metres above the foot of the first wall. The end of the second ladder is 5 metres above the foot of the second. . . .

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

What angle is needed for a ball to do a circuit of the billiard table and then pass through its original position?

A decorator can buy pink paint from two manufacturers. What is the least number he would need of each type in order to produce different shades of pink.

Water freezes at 0°Celsius (32°Fahrenheit) and boils at 100°C (212°Fahrenheit). Is there a temperature at which Celsius and Fahrenheit readings are the same?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Triangle ABC is isosceles while triangle DEF is equilateral. Find one angle in terms of the other two.

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Can you guarantee that, for any three numbers you choose, the product of their differences will always be an even number?

In 15 years' time my age will be the square of my age 15 years ago. Can you work out my age, and when I had other special birthdays?

A mother wants to share a sum of money by giving each of her children in turn a lump sum plus a fraction of the remainder. How can she do this in order to share the money out equally?

Is it always possible to combine two paints made up in the ratios 1:x and 1:y and turn them into paint made up in the ratio a:b ? Can you find an efficent way of doing this?

All CD Heaven stores were given the same number of a popular CD to sell for £24. In their two week sale each store reduces the price of the CD by 25% ... How many CDs did the store sell at. . . .

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

There are four children in a family, two girls, Kate and Sally, and two boys, Tom and Ben. How old are the children?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

Can you find rectangles where the value of the area is the same as the value of the perimeter?

If you have only 40 metres of fencing available, what is the maximum area of land you can fence off?

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Start with two numbers. This is the start of a sequence. The next number is the average of the last two numbers. Continue the sequence. What will happen if you carry on for ever?

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Here are four tiles. They can be arranged in a 2 by 2 square so that this large square has a green edge. If the tiles are moved around, we can make a 2 by 2 square with a blue edge... Now try to. . . .

Explore the effect of reflecting in two parallel mirror lines.

A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .