An observer is on top of a lighthouse. How far from the foot of the lighthouse is the horizon that the observer can see?

Your school has been left a million pounds in the will of an ex- pupil. What model of investment and spending would you use in order to ensure the best return on the money?

Chris is enjoying a swim but needs to get back for lunch. If she can swim at 3 m/s and run at 7m/sec, how far along the bank should she land in order to get back as quickly as possible?

Explore when it is possible to construct a circle which just touches all four sides of a quadrilateral.

A hexagon, with sides alternately a and b units in length, is inscribed in a circle. How big is the radius of the circle?

Water freezes at 0°Celsius (32°Fahrenheit) and boils at 100°C (212°Fahrenheit). Is there a temperature at which Celsius and Fahrenheit readings are the same?

If it takes four men one day to build a wall, how long does it take 60,000 men to build a similar wall?

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

Two ladders are propped up against facing walls. The end of the first ladder is 10 metres above the foot of the first wall. The end of the second ladder is 5 metres above the foot of the second. . . .

Two motorboats travelling up and down a lake at constant speeds leave opposite ends A and B at the same instant, passing each other, for the first time 600 metres from A, and on their return, 400. . . .

Some people offer advice on how to win at games of chance, or how to influence probability in your favour. Can you decide whether advice is good or not?

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

Which of these games would you play to give yourself the best possible chance of winning a prize?

A spider is sitting in the middle of one of the smallest walls in a room and a fly is resting beside the window. What is the shortest distance the spider would have to crawl to catch the fly?

Each of the following shapes is made from arcs of a circle of radius r. What is the perimeter of a shape with 3, 4, 5 and n "nodes".

Show that is it impossible to have a tetrahedron whose six edges have lengths 10, 20, 30, 40, 50 and 60 units...

On the graph there are 28 marked points. These points all mark the vertices (corners) of eight hidden squares. Can you find the eight hidden squares?

The area of a square inscribed in a circle with a unit radius is, satisfyingly, 2. What is the area of a regular hexagon inscribed in a circle with a unit radius?

How many winning lines can you make in a three-dimensional version of noughts and crosses?

A 1 metre cube has one face on the ground and one face against a wall. A 4 metre ladder leans against the wall and just touches the cube. How high is the top of the ladder above the ground?

A game for 2 or more people, based on the traditional card game Rummy. Players aim to make two `tricks', where each trick has to consist of a picture of a shape, a name that describes that shape, and. . . .

If the hypotenuse (base) length is 100cm and if an extra line splits the base into 36cm and 64cm parts, what were the side lengths for the original right-angled triangle?

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Substitute -1, -2 or -3, into an algebraic expression and you'll get three results. Is it possible to tell in advance which of those three will be the largest ?

Investigate how you can work out what day of the week your birthday will be on next year, and the year after...

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

The diagonals of a trapezium divide it into four parts. Can you create a trapezium where three of those parts are equal in area?

Which has the greatest area, a circle or a square inscribed in an isosceles, right angle triangle?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

A napkin is folded so that a corner coincides with the midpoint of an opposite edge . Investigate the three triangles formed .

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Start with two numbers and generate a sequence where the next number is the mean of the last two numbers...

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

If you are given the mean, median and mode of five positive whole numbers, can you find the numbers?

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

What is the greatest volume you can get for a rectangular (cuboid) parcel if the maximum combined length and girth are 2 metres?

Chris and Jo put two red and four blue ribbons in a box. They each pick a ribbon from the box without looking. Jo wins if the two ribbons are the same colour. Is the game fair?

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

A plastic funnel is used to pour liquids through narrow apertures. What shape funnel would use the least amount of plastic to manufacture for any specific volume ?

An aluminium can contains 330 ml of cola. If the can's diameter is 6 cm what is the can's height?

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

Explore the effect of combining enlargements.