Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

Start with four numbers at the corners of a square and put the total of two corners in the middle of that side. Keep going... Can you estimate what the size of the last four numbers will be?

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

The challenge here is to find as many routes as you can for a fence to go so that this town is divided up into two halves, each with 8 blocks.

Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

In this section from a calendar, put a square box around the 1st, 2nd, 8th and 9th. Add all the pairs of numbers. What do you notice about the answers?

Can you find out how the 6-triangle shape is transformed in these tessellations? Will the tessellations go on for ever? Why or why not?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can you investigate all the different possibilities?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

This tricky challenge asks you to find ways of going across rectangles, going through exactly ten squares.

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you find for me to take?

This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

In my local town there are three supermarkets which each has a special deal on some products. If you bought all your shopping in one shop, where would be the cheapest?

Investigate what happens when you add house numbers along a street in different ways.

Place four pebbles on the sand in the form of a square. Keep adding as few pebbles as necessary to double the area. How many extra pebbles are added each time?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

What happens to the area of a square if you double the length of the sides? Try the same thing with rectangles, diamonds and other shapes. How do the four smaller ones fit into the larger one?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Investigate the area of 'slices' cut off this cube of cheese. What would happen if you had different-sized block of cheese to start with?

Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?

Arrange your fences to make the largest rectangular space you can. Try with four fences, then five, then six etc.

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Can you make these equilateral triangles fit together to cover the paper without any gaps between them? Can you tessellate isosceles triangles?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

Why does the tower look a different size in each of these pictures?

Take a look at these data collected by children in 1986 as part of the Domesday Project. What do they tell you? What do you think about the way they are presented?

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

A follow-up activity to Tiles in the Garden.

In this investigation we are going to count the number of 1s, 2s, 3s etc in numbers. Can you predict what will happen?

Bernard Bagnall looks at what 'problem solving' might really mean in the context of primary classrooms.

How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

Explore the different tunes you can make with these five gourds. What are the similarities and differences between the two tunes you are given?