"Ip dip sky blue! Who's 'it'? It's you!" Where would you position yourself so that you are 'it' if there are two players? Three players ...?
When Charlie asked his grandmother how old she is, he didn't get a
straightforward reply! Can you work out how old she is?
Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks
and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they
You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.
What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.
The challenge here is to find as many routes as you can for a fence
to go so that this town is divided up into two halves, each with 8
If the answer's 2010, what could the question be?
If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How
will you know you've found them all?
Investigate the different ways these aliens count in this
challenge. You could start by thinking about how each of them would
write our number 7.
How many different sets of numbers with at least four members can
you find in the numbers in this box?
When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort
them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we
arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?
In this investigation we are going to count the number of 1s, 2s, 3s etc in numbers. Can you predict what will happen?
48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?
If you have three circular objects, you could arrange them so that
they are separate, touching, overlapping or inside each other. Can
you investigate all the different possibilities?
I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the
outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you
find for me to take?
The red ring is inside the blue ring in this picture. Can you rearrange the rings in different ways? Perhaps you can overlap them or put one outside another?
Can you find out how the 6-triangle shape is transformed in these
tessellations? Will the tessellations go on for ever? Why or why
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?
How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify
What is the smallest number of tiles needed to tile this patio? Can
you investigate patios of different sizes?
There are ten children in Becky's group. Can you find a set of
numbers for each of them? Are there any other sets?
How many different shaped boxes can you design for 36 sweets in one
layer? Can you arrange the sweets so that no sweets of the same
colour are next to each other in any direction?
In my local town there are three supermarkets which each has a
special deal on some products. If you bought all your shopping in
one shop, where would be the cheapest?
Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?
Explore ways of colouring this set of triangles. Can you make
Well now, what would happen if we lost all the nines in our number
system? Have a go at writing the numbers out in this way and have a
look at the multiplications table.
Investigate the numbers that come up on a die as you roll it in the
direction of north, south, east and west, without going over the
path it's already made.
Bernard Bagnall describes how to get more out of some favourite
This challenge asks you to investigate the total number of cards that would be sent if four children send one to all three others. How many would be sent if there were five children? Six?
Here is your chance to investigate the number 28 using shapes,
cubes ... in fact anything at all.
Take a look at these data collected by children in 1986 as part of the Domesday Project. What do they tell you? What do you think about the way they are presented?
Why does the tower look a different size in each of these pictures?
Bernard Bagnall looks at what 'problem solving' might really mean
in the context of primary classrooms.
Can you design a new shape for the twenty-eight squares and arrange
the numbers in a logical way? What patterns do you notice?
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Start with four numbers at the corners of a square and put the
total of two corners in the middle of that side. Keep going... Can
you estimate what the size of the last four numbers will be?
If I use 12 green tiles to represent my lawn, how many different
ways could I arrange them? How many border tiles would I need each
This problem is intended to get children to look really hard at something they will see many times in the next few months.
Investigate these hexagons drawn from different sized equilateral
How many tiles do we need to tile these patios?
In this section from a calendar, put a square box around the 1st,
2nd, 8th and 9th. Add all the pairs of numbers. What do you notice
about the answers?
Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and
multiply them together. How many different products can you find?
How do you know you've got them all?
Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so
that you have double the number.
How many ways can you find of tiling the square patio, using square
tiles of different sizes?
This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!
Cut differently-sized square corners from a square piece of paper
to make boxes without lids. Do they all have the same volume?
Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4
units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different
cuboids can you make?
Can you make these equilateral triangles fit together to cover the
paper without any gaps between them? Can you tessellate isosceles