This problem is based on the story of the Pied Piper of Hamelin. Investigate the different numbers of people and rats there could have been if you know how many legs there are altogether!

These caterpillars have 16 parts. What different shapes do they make if each part lies in the small squares of a 4 by 4 square?

There are nine teddies in Teddy Town - three red, three blue and three yellow. There are also nine houses, three of each colour. Can you put them on the map of Teddy Town according to the rules?

Sort the houses in my street into different groups. Can you do it in any other ways?

There are to be 6 homes built on a new development site. They could be semi-detached, detached or terraced houses. How many different combinations of these can you find?

How could you put eight beanbags in the hoops so that there are four in the blue hoop, five in the red and six in the yellow? Can you find all the ways of doing this?

Arrange eight of the numbers between 1 and 9 in the Polo Square below so that each side adds to the same total.

Place the 16 different combinations of cup/saucer in this 4 by 4 arrangement so that no row or column contains more than one cup or saucer of the same colour.

Can you make the most extraordinary, the most amazing, the most unusual patterns/designs from these triangles which are made in a special way?

Take 5 cubes of one colour and 2 of another colour. How many different ways can you join them if the 5 must touch the table and the 2 must not touch the table?

Use your mouse to move the red and green parts of this disc. Can you make images which show the turnings described?

I like to walk along the cracks of the paving stones, but not the outside edge of the path itself. How many different routes can you find for me to take?

Investigate the different ways you could split up these rooms so that you have double the number.

Write the numbers up to 64 in an interesting way so that the shape they make at the end is interesting, different, more exciting ... than just a square.

If we had 16 light bars which digital numbers could we make? How will you know you've found them all?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Suppose we allow ourselves to use three numbers less than 10 and multiply them together. How many different products can you find? How do you know you've got them all?

Let's say you can only use two different lengths - 2 units and 4 units. Using just these 2 lengths as the edges how many different cuboids can you make?

Try continuing these patterns made from triangles. Can you create your own repeating pattern?

How many models can you find which obey these rules?

What happens when you add the digits of a number then multiply the result by 2 and you keep doing this? You could try for different numbers and different rules.

This challenge extends the Plants investigation so now four or more children are involved.

This challenging activity involves finding different ways to distribute fifteen items among four sets, when the sets must include three, four, five and six items.

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?

In how many ways can you stack these rods, following the rules?

Using different numbers of sticks, how many different triangles are you able to make? Can you make any rules about the numbers of sticks that make the most triangles?

How many different ways can you find of fitting five hexagons together? How will you know you have found all the ways?

What is the smallest cuboid that you can put in this box so that you cannot fit another that's the same into it?

When newspaper pages get separated at home we have to try to sort them out and get things in the correct order. How many ways can we arrange these pages so that the numbering may be different?

Explore the different tunes you can make with these five gourds. What are the similarities and differences between the two tunes you are given?

How many shapes can you build from three red and two green cubes? Can you use what you've found out to predict the number for four red and two green?

Is there a best way to stack cans? What do different supermarkets do? How high can you safely stack the cans?

48 is called an abundant number because it is less than the sum of its factors (without itself). Can you find some more abundant numbers?

An activity making various patterns with 2 x 1 rectangular tiles.

Use the interactivity to find all the different right-angled triangles you can make by just moving one corner of the starting triangle.

In this section from a calendar, put a square box around the 1st, 2nd, 8th and 9th. Add all the pairs of numbers. What do you notice about the answers?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Start with four numbers at the corners of a square and put the total of two corners in the middle of that side. Keep going... Can you estimate what the size of the last four numbers will be?

How many different cuboids can you make when you use four CDs or DVDs? How about using five, then six?

Place this "worm" on the 100 square and find the total of the four squares it covers. Keeping its head in the same place, what other totals can you make?

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

Three children are going to buy some plants for their birthdays. They will plant them within circular paths. How could they do this?

You cannot choose a selection of ice cream flavours that includes totally what someone has already chosen. Have a go and find all the different ways in which seven children can have ice cream.

Suppose there is a train with 24 carriages which are going to be put together to make up some new trains. Can you find all the ways that this can be done?

Ana and Ross looked in a trunk in the attic. They found old cloaks and gowns, hats and masks. How many possible costumes could they make?

The challenge here is to find as many routes as you can for a fence to go so that this town is divided up into two halves, each with 8 blocks.

The ancient Egyptians were said to make right-angled triangles using a rope with twelve equal sections divided by knots. What other triangles could you make if you had a rope like this?