A short introduction to complex numbers written primarily for students aged 14 to 19.
This article introduces complex numbers, brings together into one bigger 'picture' some closely related elementary ideas like vectors and the exponential and trigonometric functions and. . . .
Find out how the quaternion function G(v) = qvq^-1 gives a simple algebraic method for working with rotations in 3-space.
See how 4 dimensional quaternions involve vectors in 3-space and how the quaternion function F(v) = nvn gives a simple algebraic method of working with reflections in planes in 3-space.
Can you find a way to prove the trig identities using a diagram?
Beautiful mathematics. Two 18 year old students gave eight different proofs of one result then generalised it from the 3 by 1 case to the n by 1 case and proved the general result.
Can you explain what is happening and account for the values being displayed?
Join some regular octahedra, face touching face and one vertex of each meeting at a point. How many octahedra can you fit around this point?
The length AM can be calculated using trigonometry in two different ways. Create this pair of equivalent calculations for different peg boards, notice a general result, and account for it.
Follow hints to investigate the matrix which gives a reflection of the plane in the line y=tanx. Show that the combination of two reflections in intersecting lines is a rotation.
Can you deduce the familiar properties of the sine and cosine functions starting from these three different mathematical representations?
Draw graphs of the sine and modulus functions and explain the humps.
If for any triangle ABC tan(A - B) + tan(B - C) + tan(C - A) = 0 what can you say about the triangle?
This polar equation is a quadratic. Plot the graph given by each factor to draw the flower.