Can you find any perfect numbers? Read this article to find out more...

Do you know a quick way to check if a number is a multiple of two? How about three, four or six?

I added together some of my neighbours house numbers. Can you explain the patterns I noticed?

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

Factors and Multiples game for an adult and child. How can you make sure you win this game?

Play this game and see if you can figure out the computer's chosen number.

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

Arrange the four number cards on the grid, according to the rules, to make a diagonal, vertical or horizontal line.

I'm thinking of a number. My number is both a multiple of 5 and a multiple of 6. What could my number be?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Factor track is not a race but a game of skill. The idea is to go round the track in as few moves as possible, keeping to the rules.

A game in which players take it in turns to choose a number. Can you block your opponent?

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Can you find any two-digit numbers that satisfy all of these statements?

Play the divisibility game to create numbers in which the first two digits make a number divisible by 2, the first three digits make a number divisible by 3...

The product of four different positive integers is 100. What is the sum of these four integers?

Weekly Problem 24 - 2006

How many of the rearrangements of the digits 1, 3 and 5 give prime numbers?

Which of the numbers shown is the product of exactly 3 distinct prime factors?

The sum of 9 consecutive positive whole numbers is 2007. What is the largest of these numbers?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

Using your knowledge of the properties of numbers, can you fill all the squares on the board?

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

Gabriel multiplied together some numbers and then erased them. Can you figure out where each number was?

Can you find a way to identify times tables after they have been shifted up or down?

Make a set of numbers that use all the digits from 1 to 9, once and once only. Add them up. The result is divisible by 9. Add each of the digits in the new number. What is their sum? Now try some other possibilities for yourself!

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

How many numbers less than 1000 are NOT divisible by either: a) 2 or 5; or b) 2, 5 or 7?

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

Three people run up stairs at different rates. If they each start from a different point - who will win, come second and come last?

A student in a maths class was trying to get some information from her teacher. She was given some clues and then the teacher ended by saying, "Well, how old are they?"

Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?

What could be the scores from five throws of this dice?

The clues for this Sudoku are the product of the numbers in adjacent squares.

Can you place the nine cards onto a 3x3 grid such that every row, column and diagonal has a product of 1?

Is there an efficient way to work out how many factors a large number has?

The number 12 = 2^2 × 3 has 6 factors. What is the smallest natural number with exactly 36 factors?

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

The five digit number A679B, in base ten, is divisible by 72. What are the values of A and B?

Weekly Problem 48 - 2013

What is the remainder when the number 743589Ã—301647 is divided by 5?

What is the remainder when 2^2002 is divided by 7? What happens with different powers of 2?

Two numbers can be placed adjacent if one of them divides the other. Using only $1,...,10$, can you write the longest such list?

Find the number which has 8 divisors, such that the product of the divisors is 331776.

How many leap years will there be between 2001 and 3001?

What can you say about the values of n that make $7^n + 3^n$ a multiple of 10? Are there other pairs of integers between 1 and 10 which have similar properties?

Weekly Problem 35 - 2006

A number has exactly eight factors, two of which are 21 and 35. What is the number?

What is the value of the digit A in the sum below: [3(230 + A)]^2 = 49280A

Explain why the arithmetic sequence 1, 14, 27, 40, ... contains many terms of the form 222...2 where only the digit 2 appears.

A number N is divisible by 10, 90, 98 and 882 but it is NOT divisible by 50 or 270 or 686 or 1764. It is also known that N is a factor of 9261000. What is N?

Find the highest power of 11 that will divide into 1000! exactly.

When the number x 1 x x x is multiplied by 417 this gives the answer 9 x x x 0 5 7. Find the missing digits, each of which is represented by an "x" .

Ben passed a third of his counters to Jack, Jack passed a quarter of his counters to Emma and Emma passed a fifth of her counters to Ben. After this they all had the same number of counters.

Using the digits 1 to 9, the number 4396 can be written as the product of two numbers. Can you find the factors?

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

Find a cuboid (with edges of integer values) that has a surface area of exactly 100 square units. Is there more than one? Can you find them all?

The number 8888...88M9999...99 is divisible by 7 and it starts with the digit 8 repeated 50 times and ends with the digit 9 repeated 50 times. What is the value of the digit M?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Helen made the conjecture that "every multiple of six has more factors than the two numbers either side of it". Is this conjecture true?

Weekly Problem 22 - 2008

The following sequence continues indefinitely... Which of these integers is a multiple of 81?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

6! = 6 x 5 x 4 x 3 x 2 x 1. The highest power of 2 that divides exactly into 6! is 4 since (6!) / (2^4 ) = 45. What is the highest power of two that divides exactly into 100!?

Can you find what the last two digits of the number $4^{1999}$ are?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Complete the following expressions so that each one gives a four digit number as the product of two two digit numbers and uses the digits 1 to 8 once and only once.

Twice a week I go swimming and swim the same number of lengths of the pool each time. As I swim, I count the lengths I've done so far, and make it into a fraction of the whole number of lengths I know I'm going to swim. For example, if I swam 10 lengths each time, as I finished the 5th length I'd think that's 5/10. If I make that into a simpler fraction I get 1/2. After 8 lengths it would be 8/10 or 4/5. But I don't swim 10 lengths - how many do I swim? After the first length, the only numbers of lengths that can't be changed to a simpler fraction are prime numbers. An example of such a fraction would be 7/10. I swim the highest number of lengths for which this is possible. How many lengths do I swim each week?

I added together the first 'n' positive integers and found that my answer was a 3 digit number in which all the digits were the same...

Can you work out what size grid you need to read our secret message?

A collection of resources to support work on Factors and Multiples at Secondary level.

Here is a machine with four coloured lights. Can you develop a strategy to work out the rules controlling each light?

Given the products of diagonally opposite cells - can you complete this Sudoku?

This article takes the reader through divisibility tests and how they work. An article to read with pencil and paper to hand.

The puzzle can be solved by finding the values of the unknown digits (all indicated by asterisks) in the squares of the $9\times9$ grid.

Substitution and Transposition all in one! How fiendish can these codes get?

Using the digits 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 and 8, mulitply a two two digit numbers are multiplied to give a four digit number, so that the expression is correct. How many different solutions can you find?

Three people chose this as a favourite problem. It is the sort of problem that needs thinking time - but once the connection is made it gives access to many similar ideas.

The items in the shopping basket add and multiply to give the same amount. What could their prices be?

You are given the Lowest Common Multiples of sets of digits. Find the digits and then solve the Sudoku.

Each time a class lines up in different sized groups, a different number of people are left over. How large can the class be?

Given any 3 digit number you can use the given digits and name another number which is divisible by 37 (e.g. given 628 you say 628371 is divisible by 37 because you know that 6+3 = 2+7 = 8+1 = 9). The question asks you to explain the trick.

How many noughts are at the end of these giant numbers?

Prove that if a^2+b^2 is a multiple of 3 then both a and b are multiples of 3.

Find the largest integer which divides every member of the following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.

Chocolate bars come in boxes of 5 or boxes of 12. How many boxes do you need to have exactly 2005 chocolate bars?

Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh power.

Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines differ in length by one (a white rod)

When coins are put into piles of six 3 remain and in piles of eight 7 remain. How many remain when they are put into piles of 24?

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

How many zeros are there at the end of the number which is the product of first hundred positive integers?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

Each letter represents a different positive digit AHHAAH / JOKE = HA What are the values of each of the letters?

Ruth wants to puts stickers on the cuboid she has made from little cubes. Will she have any stickers left over?

Here is a Sudoku with a difference! Use information about lowest common multiples to help you solve it.

Prove that if the integer n is divisible by 4 then it can be written as the difference of two squares.

Consider numbers of the form un = 1! + 2! + 3! +...+n!. How many such numbers are perfect squares?

115^2 = (110 x 120) + 25, that is 13225 895^2 = (890 x 900) + 25, that is 801025 Can you explain what is happening and generalise?