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Odd Differences

The diagram illustrates the formula: 1 + 3 + 5 + ... + (2n - 1) = n² Use the diagram to show that any odd number is the difference of two squares.

Triangular Triples

Show that 8778, 10296 and 13530 are three triangular numbers and that they form a Pythagorean triple.

Iff

Take a triangular number, multiply it by 8 and add 1. What is special about your answer? Can you prove it?

Generating Triples

Age 14 to 16 Challenge Level:
Here is an extract from Charlie's table:

Where is the $5^2$?
Where is the $12^2$?
Where is the $13^2$?

Where might we find a similar set of related square numbers?