This problem builds on from Points in Pairs - you may wish to look at that first.

Two points, one inside a circle and the other outside, are related in the following way :

A line starting at the centre of the circle and passing through the first point ( P ) goes on to pass through the second point ( P' ).

Positions along the line are such that the ratio of OP to the radius of the circle matches the ratio of the radius of the circle to OP'.

For example if OP happened to be 2/3 of the radius then OP' would be 3/2 of the radius.

In the diagram above, the point P' can move to different places along the dotted line.

Each position P' takes will fix a corresponding position for P.

If P' moves along a straight line what does P do?

Why?

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