### Center Path

Four rods of equal length are hinged at their endpoints to form a rhombus. The diagonals meet at X. One edge is fixed, the opposite edge is allowed to move in the plane. Describe the locus of the point X and prove your assertion.

### Tied Up

In a right angled triangular field, three animals are tethered to posts at the midpoint of each side. Each rope is just long enough to allow the animal to reach two adjacent vertices. Only one animal can reach all points in the field. Which one is it and why?

This gives a short summary of the properties and theorems of cyclic quadrilaterals and links to some practical examples to be found elsewhere on the site.

# Right Angles

##### Stage: 3 Challenge Level:

Samantha and Shummus both realised that in order to create a triangle with a right angle, the band had to go through the centre of the circle. Shummus writes:

I noticed that the bands had to be started in the centre.

Xianglong Ni notes that:

If we have 9 points on the circle then you can't create a right-angle using the points. This is so because a right angle is inscribed in a semicircle; It is facing a diameter. But you can only create a diameter when there is an even amount of points on the circle. If the number of points on the circle is even then yes. If the number is odd then no.

Rachel from Newstead sent us a few diagrams to illustrate examples of right-angled triangles in circles with an even number of points.

Indika of Helena Romanes 6th Form College sent us her explanation for why the band must go through the centre of the circle:

The only way that a right angle triangle can be created between 3 points round the edge is when the angle subtended at the centre by two of the points is 180 degrees, this therefore proves that two of the points have to be opposite each other (this means having an equal number of pegs).

This is because the angle subtended at the centre by two points are exactly double the angle subtended at the edge by the same points. This rule will apply to all circles, i.e. there will be a right angled triangle if two pegs are placed opposite each other.

If you haven't met this idea before, you may want to look at another problem from August 2005, Subtended angles

Here are another couple of examples of right-angled triangles using the same eight-point and ten-point circles that Rachel used: