Copyright © University of Cambridge. All rights reserved.

Consider numbers whose first digit is 1. Looking at each possible value for the second digit we find 9 such numbers.

110, 121, 132, 143, 154, 165, 176, 187, 198.

Similarly there are 8 numbers starting with 2; 7 numbers starting with 3...

Lastly there is only one number starting with 9: 990.

Hence the total is 9+8+7+6+5+4+3+2+1 = 45.

See all short problems arranged by curriculum topic in the short problems collection

This problem is taken from the UKMT Mathematical Challenges.