Equations - July 2007, Stage 3&4

Problems

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Parallel Lines

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

How does the position of the line affect the equation of the line? What can you say about the equations of parallel lines?

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Temperature

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Water freezes at 0°Celsius (32°Fahrenheit) and boils at 100°C (212°Fahrenheit). Is there a temperature at which Celsius and Fahrenheit readings are the same?

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Perpendicular Lines

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Position the lines so that they are perpendicular to each other. What can you say about the equations of perpendicular lines?

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Matchless

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

There is a particular value of x, and a value of y to go with it, which make all five expressions equal in value, can you find that x, y pair ?

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Gutter

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Manufacturers need to minimise the amount of material used to make their product. What is the best cross-section for a gutter?

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Reasonable Algebra

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Use algebra to reason why 16 and 32 are impossible to create as the sum of consecutive numbers.