November 2001, Stage 3&4

Problems

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Nonagon Tiling

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Try a fun LOGO tiling

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Blue and White

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

In the four examples below identical squares of side one unit contain some circles shaded blue. In which of the four examples is the shaded area greatest?

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Tis Unique

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This addition sum uses all ten digits 0, 1, 2...9 exactly once. Find the sum and show that the one you give is the only possibility.

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Even So

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Find some triples of whole numbers a, b and c such that a^2 + b^2 + c^2 is a multiple of 4. Is it necessarily the case that a, b and c must all be even? If so, can you explain why?

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One O Five

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

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A Biggy

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Find the smallest positive integer N such that N/2 is a perfect cube, N/3 is a perfect fifth power and N/5 is a perfect seventh power.

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Novemberish

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

a) A four digit number (in base 10) aabb is a perfect square. Discuss ways of systematically finding this number. (b) Prove that 11^{10}-1 is divisible by 100.

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Garfield's Proof

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Rotate a copy of the trapezium about the centre of the longest side of the blue triangle to make a square. Find the area of the square and then derive a formula for the area of the trapezium.

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Factoring a Million

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

In how many ways can the number 1 000 000 be expressed as the product of three positive integers?