Thinking Systematically - October 2003, Stage 2&3

Problems

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1, 2, 3 Magic Square

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Arrange three 1s, three 2s and three 3s in this square so that every row, column and diagonal adds to the same total.

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A Square Deal

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Complete the magic square using the numbers 1 to 25 once each. Each row, column and diagonal adds up to 65.

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Seven Pots of Plants

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

There are seven pots of plants in a greenhouse. They have lost their labels. Perhaps you can help re-label them.

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Diagrams

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A group activity using visualisation of squares and triangles.

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Counters

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Hover your mouse over the counters to see which ones will be removed. Click to remover them. The winner is the last one to remove a counter. How you can make sure you win?

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Triangle Island

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

You have pitched your tent (the red triangle) on an island. Can you move it to the position shown by the purple triangle making sure you obey the rules?

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Symmetry Challenge

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Systematically explore the range of symmetric designs that can be created by shading parts of the motif below. Use normal square lattice paper to record your results.

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Make 37

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

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Shady Symmetry

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

How many different symmetrical shapes can you make by shading triangles or squares?

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Pick's Theorem

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Polygons drawn on square dotty paper have dots on their perimeter (p) and often internal (i) ones as well. Find a relationship between p, i and the area of the polygons.

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Königsberg

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you cross each of the seven bridges that join the north and south of the river to the two islands, once and once only, without retracing your steps?

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Top-heavy Pyramids

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Use the numbers in the box below to make the base of a top-heavy pyramid whose top number is 200.

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Cinema Problem

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

A cinema has 100 seats. Show how it is possible to sell exactly 100 tickets and take exactly £100 if the prices are £10 for adults, 50p for pensioners and 10p for children.

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LOGO Challenge - the Logic of LOGO

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Just four procedures were used to produce a design. How was it done? Can you be systematic and elegant so that someone can follow your logic?

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Take Three from Five

Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?