Mathematicians are always looking for efficient methods for solving problems. How efficient can you be?

Here is a chance to play a version of the classic Countdown Game.

A game that tests your understanding of remainders.

Powers of numbers behave in surprising ways. Take a look at some of these and try to explain why they are true.

In this game, you can add, subtract, multiply or divide the numbers on the dice. Which will you do so that you get to the end of the number line first?

These eleven shapes each stand for a different number. Can you use the multiplication sums to work out what they are?

Annie and Ben are playing a game with a calculator. What was Annie's secret number?

Find the product of the numbers on the routes from A to B. Which route has the smallest product? Which the largest?

Where will the point stop after it has turned through 30 000 degrees? I took out my calculator and typed 30 000 ÷ 360. How did this help?

Watch our videos of multiplication methods that you may not have met before. Can you make sense of them?

Imagine you were given the chance to win some money... and imagine you had nothing to lose...

This Sudoku puzzle can be solved with the help of small clue-numbers on the border lines between pairs of neighbouring squares of the grid.

Can you see how these factor-multiple chains work? Find the chain which contains the smallest possible numbers. How about the largest possible numbers?

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

Can you complete this jigsaw of the multiplication square?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Mr McGregor has a magic potting shed. Overnight, the number of plants in it doubles. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of three gardens, planting one garden each day. Can he do it?

The Man is much smaller than us. Can you use the picture of him next to a mug to estimate his height and how much tea he drinks?

Here is a picnic that Petros and Michael are going to share equally. Can you tell us what each of them will have?

Find out what a Deca Tree is and then work out how many leaves there will be after the woodcutter has cut off a trunk, a branch, a twig and a leaf.

Can you put the numbers 1 to 8 into the circles so that the four calculations are correct?

Can you replace the letters with numbers? Is there only one solution in each case?

Use the information about Sally and her brother to find out how many children there are in the Brown family.

Evaluate these powers of 67. What do you notice? Can you convince someone what the answer would be to (a million sixes followed by a 7) squared?

I'm thinking of a number. When my number is divided by 5 the remainder is 4. When my number is divided by 3 the remainder is 2. Can you find my number?

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

This multiplication uses each of the digits 0 - 9 once and once only. Using the information given, can you replace the stars in the calculation with figures?

At the beginning of May Tom put his tomato plant outside. On the same day he sowed a bean in another pot. When will the two be the same height?

Can you fill in this table square? The numbers 2 -12 were used to generate it with just one number used twice.

The value of the circle changes in each of the following problems. Can you discover its value in each problem?

Katie had a pack of 20 cards numbered from 1 to 20. She arranged the cards into 6 unequal piles where each pile added to the same total. What was the total and how could this be done?

Amy has a box containing domino pieces but she does not think it is a complete set. She has 24 dominoes in her box and there are 125 spots on them altogether. Which of her domino pieces are missing?

On my calculator I divided one whole number by another whole number and got the answer 3.125 If the numbers are both under 50, what are they?

Find at least one way to put in some operation signs (+ - x ÷) to make these digits come to 100.

During the third hour after midnight the hands on a clock point in the same direction (so one hand is over the top of the other). At what time, to the nearest second, does this happen?

Can you convince me of each of the following: If a square number is multiplied by a square number the product is ALWAYS a square number...

What is the largest number which, when divided into 1905, 2587, 3951, 7020 and 8725 in turn, leaves the same remainder each time?

There were chews for 2p, mini eggs for 3p, Chocko bars for 5p and lollypops for 7p in the sweet shop. What could each of the children buy with their money?

Can you work out how many flowers there will be on the Amazing Splitting Plant after it has been growing for six weeks?

On Friday the magic plant was only 2 centimetres tall. Every day it doubled its height. How tall was it on Monday?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Have a go at balancing this equation. Can you find different ways of doing it?

Can you work out some different ways to balance this equation?

Can you complete this calculation by filling in the missing numbers? In how many different ways can you do it?

Four Go game for an adult and child. Will you be the first to have four numbers in a row on the number line?

Shut the Box game for an adult and child. Can you turn over the cards which match the numbers on the dice?

In November, Liz was interviewed for an article on a parents' website about learning times tables. Read the article here.

Resources to support understanding of multiplication and division through playing with number.

Explore Alex's number plumber. What questions would you like to ask? What do you think is happening to the numbers?