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Broad Topics > Numbers and the Number System > Common factors

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Counting Cogs

Stage: 2 and 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Which pairs of cogs let the coloured tooth touch every tooth on the other cog? Which pairs do not let this happen? Why?

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What's in the Box?

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

This big box multiplies anything that goes inside it by the same number. If you know the numbers that come out, what multiplication might be going on in the box?

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Clapping Times

Stage: 1 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

If you count from 1 to 20 and clap more loudly on the numbers in the two times table, as well as saying those numbers loudly, which numbers will be loud?

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Stars

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Can you find a relationship between the number of dots on the circle and the number of steps that will ensure that all points are hit?

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Multiplication Squares

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Can you work out the arrangement of the digits in the square so that the given products are correct? The numbers 1 - 9 may be used once and once only.

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Common Divisor

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Find the largest integer which divides every member of the following sequence: 1^5-1, 2^5-2, 3^5-3, ... n^5-n.

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Em'power'ed

Stage: 5 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Find the smallest numbers a, b, and c such that: a^2 = 2b^3 = 3c^5 What can you say about other solutions to this problem?

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Biscuit Decorations

Stage: 1 and 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Andrew decorated 20 biscuits to take to a party. He lined them up and put icing on every second biscuit and different decorations on other biscuits. How many biscuits weren't decorated?

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Sieve of Eratosthenes

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Follow this recipe for sieving numbers and see what interesting patterns emerge.

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Missing Multipliers

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

What is the smallest number of answers you need to reveal in order to work out the missing headers?

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Drawing Celtic Knots

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Here is a chance to create some Celtic knots and explore the mathematics behind them.

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A First Product Sudoku

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Given the products of adjacent cells, can you complete this Sudoku?

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There's Always One Isn't There

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Take any pair of numbers, say 9 and 14. Take the larger number, fourteen, and count up in 14s. Then divide each of those values by the 9, and look at the remainders.

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Turning Cogs

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

What happens when you turn these cogs? Investigate the differences between turning two cogs of different sizes and two cogs which are the same.

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Data Chunks

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

Data is sent in chunks of two different sizes - a yellow chunk has 5 characters and a blue chunk has 9 characters. A data slot of size 31 cannot be exactly filled with a combination of yellow and. . . .

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Different by One

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Make a line of green and a line of yellow rods so that the lines differ in length by one (a white rod)

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Zodiac

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

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Spelling Circle

Stage: 2 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

Find the words hidden inside each of the circles by counting around a certain number of spaces to find each letter in turn.

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Cogs

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

A and B are two interlocking cogwheels having p teeth and q teeth respectively. One tooth on B is painted red. Find the values of p and q for which the red tooth on B contacts every gap on the. . . .

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Inclusion Exclusion

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

How many integers between 1 and 1200 are NOT multiples of any of the numbers 2, 3 or 5?

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Ewa's Eggs

Stage: 3 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:2 Challenge Level:2

I put eggs into a basket in groups of 7 and noticed that I could easily have divided them into piles of 2, 3, 4, 5 or 6 and always have one left over. How many eggs were in the basket?

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Hypotenuse Lattice Points

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3 Challenge Level:3

The triangle OMN has vertices on the axes with whole number co-ordinates. How many points with whole number coordinates are there on the hypotenuse MN?

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DOTS Division

Stage: 4 Challenge Level: Challenge Level:1

Take any pair of two digit numbers x=ab and y=cd where, without loss of generality, ab > cd . Form two 4 digit numbers r=abcd and s=cdab and calculate: {r^2 - s^2} /{x^2 - y^2}.