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#### Resources tagged with Circles similar to Retracircles:

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Broad Topics > 2D Geometry, Shape and Space > Circles

### Retracircles

##### Stage: 5 Challenge Level:

Four circles all touch each other and a circumscribing circle. Find the ratios of the radii and prove that joining 3 centres gives a 3-4-5 triangle.

### Orthogonal Circle

##### Stage: 5 Challenge Level:

Given any three non intersecting circles in the plane find another circle or straight line which cuts all three circles orthogonally.

### Logosquares

##### Stage: 5 Challenge Level:

Ten squares form regular rings either with adjacent or opposite vertices touching. Calculate the inner and outer radii of the rings that surround the squares.

### Circle Packing

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Equal circles can be arranged so that each circle touches four or six others. What percentage of the plane is covered by circles in each packing pattern? ...

### Some(?) of the Parts

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A circle touches the lines OA, OB and AB where OA and OB are perpendicular. Show that the diameter of the circle is equal to the perimeter of the triangle

### Semi-detached

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A square of area 40 square cms is inscribed in a semicircle. Find the area of the square that could be inscribed in a circle of the same radius.

### Holly

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

The ten arcs forming the edges of the "holly leaf" are all arcs of circles of radius 1 cm. Find the length of the perimeter of the holly leaf and the area of its surface.

### Illusion

##### Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

A security camera, taking pictures each half a second, films a cyclist going by. In the film, the cyclist appears to go forward while the wheels appear to go backwards. Why?

### Tricircle

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

The centre of the larger circle is at the midpoint of one side of an equilateral triangle and the circle touches the other two sides of the triangle. A smaller circle touches the larger circle and. . . .

##### Stage: 2, 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

A metal puzzle which led to some mathematical questions.

### Fitting In

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

The largest square which fits into a circle is ABCD and EFGH is a square with G and H on the line CD and E and F on the circumference of the circle. Show that AB = 5EF. Similarly the largest. . . .

### Get Cross

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

A white cross is placed symmetrically in a red disc with the central square of side length sqrt 2 and the arms of the cross of length 1 unit. What is the area of the disc still showing?

### Just Touching

##### Stage: 5 Challenge Level:

Three semi-circles have a common diameter, each touches the other two and two lie inside the biggest one. What is the radius of the circle that touches all three semi-circles?

### Like a Circle in a Spiral

##### Stage: 2, 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

A cheap and simple toy with lots of mathematics. Can you interpret the images that are produced? Can you predict the pattern that will be produced using different wheels?

### A Rolling Disc - Periodic Motion

##### Stage: 5

Imagine a rectangular tray lying flat on a table. Suppose that a plate lies on the tray and rolls around, in contact with the sides as it rolls. What can we say about the motion?

### LOGO Challenge - Circles as Animals

##### Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

See if you can anticipate successive 'generations' of the two animals shown here.

### Circles in Circles

##### Stage: 5 Challenge Level:

This pattern of six circles contains three unit circles. Work out the radii of the other three circles and the relationship between them.

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

The sides of a triangle are 25, 39 and 40 units of length. Find the diameter of the circumscribed circle.

### Squaring the Circle and Circling the Square

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

If you continue the pattern, can you predict what each of the following areas will be? Try to explain your prediction.

### Approximating Pi

##### Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level:

By inscribing a circle in a square and then a square in a circle find an approximation to pi. By using a hexagon, can you improve on the approximation?

### Semi-square

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?

### Arclets Explained

##### Stage: 3 and 4

This article gives an wonderful insight into students working on the Arclets problem that first appeared in the Sept 2002 edition of the NRICH website.

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Investigate the properties of quadrilaterals which can be drawn with a circle just touching each side and another circle just touching each vertex.

### Area I'n It

##### Stage: 5 Challenge Level:

Triangle ABC has altitudes h1, h2 and h3. The radius of the inscribed circle is r, while the radii of the escribed circles are r1, r2 and r3 respectively. Prove: 1/r = 1/h1 + 1/h2 + 1/h3 = 1/r1 +. . . .

### Partly Circles

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

What is the same and what is different about these circle questions? What connections can you make?

### Crescents and Triangles

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Triangle ABC is right angled at A and semi circles are drawn on all three sides producing two 'crescents'. Show that the sum of the areas of the two crescents equals the area of triangle ABC.

### Ford Circles

##### Stage: 5 Challenge Level:

Small circles nestle under touching parent circles when they sit on the axis at neighbouring points in a Farey sequence.

### Kissing

##### Stage: 5 Challenge Level:

Two perpendicular lines are tangential to two identical circles that touch. What is the largest circle that can be placed in between the two lines and the two circles and how would you construct it?

### Baby Circle

##### Stage: 5 Challenge Level:

A small circle fits between two touching circles so that all three circles touch each other and have a common tangent? What is the exact radius of the smallest circle?

### Curvy Areas

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Have a go at creating these images based on circles. What do you notice about the areas of the different sections?

### Escriptions

##### Stage: 5 Challenge Level:

For any right-angled triangle find the radii of the three escribed circles touching the sides of the triangle externally.

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Given a square ABCD of sides 10 cm, and using the corners as centres, construct four quadrants with radius 10 cm each inside the square. The four arcs intersect at P, Q, R and S. Find the. . . .

### Round and Round

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Prove that the shaded area of the semicircle is equal to the area of the inner circle.

### Three Four Five

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Two semi-circles (each of radius 1/2) touch each other, and a semi-circle of radius 1 touches both of them. Find the radius of the circle which touches all three semi-circles.

### What Is the Circle Scribe Disk Compass?

##### Stage: 3 and 4

Introducing a geometrical instrument with 3 basic capabilities.

### A Rational Search

##### Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level:

Investigate constructible images which contain rational areas.

### Efficient Packing

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

How efficiently can you pack together disks?

### Salinon

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

This shape comprises four semi-circles. What is the relationship between the area of the shaded region and the area of the circle on AB as diameter?

### Three Tears

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

Construct this design using only compasses

### LOGO Challenge 11 - More on Circles

##### Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

Thinking of circles as polygons with an infinite number of sides - but how does this help us with our understanding of the circumference of circle as pi x d? This challenge investigates. . . .

### LOGO Challenge 12 - Concentric Circles

##### Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

Can you reproduce the design comprising a series of concentric circles? Test your understanding of the realtionship betwwn the circumference and diameter of a circle.

### First Forward Into Logo 4: Circles

##### Stage: 2, 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

Learn how to draw circles using Logo. Wait a minute! Are they really circles? If not what are they?

### Roaming Rhombus

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

We have four rods of equal lengths hinged at their endpoints to form a rhombus ABCD. Keeping AB fixed we allow CD to take all possible positions in the plane. What is the locus (or path) of the point. . . .

### Circumspection

##### Stage: 4 Challenge Level:

M is any point on the line AB. Squares of side length AM and MB are constructed and their circumcircles intersect at P (and M). Prove that the lines AD and BE produced pass through P.

### Lunar Angles

##### Stage: 5 Challenge Level:

What is the sum of the angles of a triangle whose sides are circular arcs on a flat surface? What if the triangle is on the surface of a sphere?

### Ball Bearings

##### Stage: 5 Challenge Level:

If a is the radius of the axle, b the radius of each ball-bearing, and c the radius of the hub, why does the number of ball bearings n determine the ratio c/a? Find a formula for c/a in terms of n.

### Pericut

##### Stage: 4 and 5 Challenge Level:

Two semicircle sit on the diameter of a semicircle centre O of twice their radius. Lines through O divide the perimeter into two parts. What can you say about the lengths of these two parts?

### Rotating Triangle

##### Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

What happens to the perimeter of triangle ABC as the two smaller circles change size and roll around inside the bigger circle?

### LOGO Challenge 10 - Circles

##### Stage: 3 and 4 Challenge Level:

In LOGO circles can be described in terms of polygons with an infinite (in this case large number) of sides - investigate this definition further.