A triangle PQR, right angled at P, slides on a horizontal floor
with Q and R in contact with perpendicular walls. What is the locus
Four rods are hinged at their ends to form a convex quadrilateral.
Investigate the different shapes that the quadrilateral can take.
Be patient this problem may be slow to load.
Prove that the area of a quadrilateral is given by half the product of the lengths of the diagonals multiplied by the sine of the angle between the diagonals.
This gives a short summary of the properties and theorems of cyclic quadrilaterals and links to some practical examples to be found elsewhere on the site.
Explore when it is possible to construct a circle which just
touches all four sides of a quadrilateral.
Two circles intersect at A and B. Points C and D move round one
circle. CA and DB cut the other circle at E and F. What do you
notice about the line segments CD and EF?
A picture is made by joining five small quadrilaterals together to
make a large quadrilateral. Is it possible to draw a similar
picture if all the small quadrilaterals are cyclic?
ABCD is a rectangle and P, Q, R and S are moveable points on the
edges dividing the edges in certain ratios. Strangely PQRS is
always a cyclic quadrilateral and you can find the angles.
Four rods are hinged at their ends to form a quadrilateral with
fixed side lengths. Show that the quadrilateral has a maximum area
when it is cyclic.
The points P, Q, R and S are the midpoints of the edges of a convex
quadrilateral. What do you notice about the quadrilateral PQRS as
the convex quadrilateral changes?
The circumcentres of four triangles are joined to form a
quadrilateral. What do you notice about this quadrilateral as the
dynamic image changes? Can you prove your conjecture?
Investigate the properties of quadrilaterals which can be drawn
with a circle just touching each side and another circle just
touching each vertex.
Explore the shape of a square after it is transformed by the action
of a matrix.
As a quadrilateral Q is deformed (keeping the edge lengths constnt)
the diagonals and the angle X between them change. Prove that the
area of Q is proportional to tanX.
A quadrilateral inscribed in a unit circle has sides of lengths s1, s2, s3 and s4 where s1 ≤ s2 ≤ s3 ≤ s4.
Find a quadrilateral of this type for which s1= sqrt2 and show s1 cannot. . . .
Find the exact values of some trig. ratios from this rectangle in
which a cyclic quadrilateral cuts off four right angled triangles.