If a is the radius of the axle, b the radius of each ball-bearing, and c the radius of the hub, why does the number of ball bearings n determine the ratio c/a? Find a formula for c/a in terms of n.

First of all, pick the number of times a week that you would like to eat chocolate. Multiply this number by 2...

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

Bricks are 20cm long and 10cm high. How high could an arch be built without mortar on a flat horizontal surface, to overhang by 1 metre? How big an overhang is it possible to make like this?

ABC and DEF are equilateral triangles of side 3 and 4 respectively. Construct an equilateral triangle whose area is the sum of the area of ABC and DEF.

Fractional calculus is a generalisation of ordinary calculus where you can differentiate n times when n is not a whole number.

You can differentiate and integrate n times but what if n is not a whole number? This generalisation of calculus was introduced and discussed on askNRICH by some school students.

Here explore some ideas of how the definitions and methods of calculus change if you integrate or differentiate n times when n is not a whole number.

The triangle OMN has vertices on the axes with whole number co-ordinates. How many points with whole number coordinates are there on the hypotenuse MN?

Can you find a general rule for finding the areas of equilateral triangles drawn on an isometric grid?

If you continue the pattern, can you predict what each of the following areas will be? Try to explain your prediction.

Show that for any triangle it is always possible to construct 3 touching circles with centres at the vertices. Is it possible to construct touching circles centred at the vertices of any polygon?

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

Use the animation to help you work out how many lines are needed to draw mystic roses of different sizes.

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

An account of some magic squares and their properties and and how to construct them for yourself.

This article by Alex Goodwin, age 18 of Madras College, St Andrews describes how to find the sum of 1 + 22 + 333 + 4444 + ... to n terms.

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

To avoid losing think of another very well known game where the patterns of play are similar.

Your data is a set of positive numbers. What is the maximum value that the standard deviation can take?

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?

Equal touching circles have centres on a line. From a point of this line on a circle, a tangent is drawn to the farthest circle. Find the lengths of chords where the line cuts the other circles.

Build gnomons that are related to the Fibonacci sequence and try to explain why this is possible.

Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The winner is the player to take the last counter.

Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”

Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The loser is the player who takes the last counter.

If for any triangle ABC tan(A - B) + tan(B - C) + tan(C - A) = 0 what can you say about the triangle?

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

An article which gives an account of some properties of magic squares.

When if ever do you get the right answer if you add two fractions by adding the numerators and adding the denominators?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Make and prove a conjecture about the cyclic quadrilateral inscribed in a circle of radius r that has the maximum perimeter and the maximum area.

What is the value of the integers a and b where sqrt(8-4sqrt3) = sqrt a - sqrt b?

The incircles of 3, 4, 5 and of 5, 12, 13 right angled triangles have radii 1 and 2 units respectively. What about triangles with an inradius of 3, 4 or 5 or ...?

Jo made a cube from some smaller cubes, painted some of the faces of the large cube, and then took it apart again. 45 small cubes had no paint on them at all. How many small cubes did Jo use?

Can you work out the irrational numbers that belong in the circles to make the multiplication arithmagon correct?

Can you find the values at the vertices when you know the values on the edges?

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

Generalise the sum of a GP by using derivatives to make the coefficients into powers of the natural numbers.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Beautiful mathematics. Two 18 year old students gave eight different proofs of one result then generalised it from the 3 by 1 case to the n by 1 case and proved the general result.

What is the ratio of the area of a square inscribed in a semicircle to the area of the square inscribed in the entire circle?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Investigate sequences given by $a_n = \frac{1+a_{n-1}}{a_{n-2}}$ for different choices of the first two terms. Make a conjecture about the behaviour of these sequences. Can you prove your conjecture?

Given that a, b and c are natural numbers show that if sqrt a+sqrt b is rational then it is a natural number. Extend this to 3 variables.