Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Janine noticed, while studying some cube numbers, that if you take three consecutive whole numbers and multiply them together and then add the middle number of the three, you get the middle number. . . .

Choose four consecutive whole numbers. Multiply the first and last numbers together. Multiply the middle pair together. What do you notice?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

An article which gives an account of some properties of magic squares.

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

Many numbers can be expressed as the difference of two perfect squares. What do you notice about the numbers you CANNOT make?

Jo has three numbers which she adds together in pairs. When she does this she has three different totals: 11, 17 and 22 What are the three numbers Jo had to start with?”

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

Can you find the values at the vertices when you know the values on the edges of these multiplication arithmagons?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Is there a relationship between the coordinates of the endpoints of a line and the number of grid squares it crosses?

A game for 2 players. Set out 16 counters in rows of 1,3,5 and 7. Players take turns to remove any number of counters from a row. The player left with the last counter looses.

A country has decided to have just two different coins, 3z and 5z coins. Which totals can be made? Is there a largest total that cannot be made? How do you know?

An account of some magic squares and their properties and and how to construct them for yourself.

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .

The triangle OMN has vertices on the axes with whole number co-ordinates. How many points with whole number coordinates are there on the hypotenuse MN?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Investigate sequences given by $a_n = \frac{1+a_{n-1}}{a_{n-2}}$ for different choices of the first two terms. Make a conjecture about the behaviour of these sequences. Can you prove your conjecture?

Can you find the area of a parallelogram defined by two vectors?

Can you explain the surprising results Jo found when she calculated the difference between square numbers?

The Tower of Hanoi is an ancient mathematical challenge. Working on the building blocks may help you to explain the patterns you notice.

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The winner is the player to take the last counter.

Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The loser is the player who takes the last counter.

Can you show that you can share a square pizza equally between two people by cutting it four times using vertical, horizontal and diagonal cuts through any point inside the square?

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Can you find a general rule for finding the areas of equilateral triangles drawn on an isometric grid?

What is the volume of the solid formed by rotating this right angled triangle about the hypotenuse?

Some students have been working out the number of strands needed for different sizes of cable. Can you make sense of their solutions?

Show that for any triangle it is always possible to construct 3 touching circles with centres at the vertices. Is it possible to construct touching circles centred at the vertices of any polygon?

Build gnomons that are related to the Fibonacci sequence and try to explain why this is possible.

To avoid losing think of another very well known game where the patterns of play are similar.

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

A game for 2 players with similaritlies to NIM. Place one counter on each spot on the games board. Players take it is turns to remove 1 or 2 adjacent counters. The winner picks up the last counter.

These gnomons appear to have more than a passing connection with the Fibonacci sequence. This problem ask you to investigate some of these connections.