While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .

Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .

What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums? 1/2 + 2/1 = 2/3 + 3/2 = 3/4 + 4/3 =

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!

Choose a couple of the sequences. Try to picture how to make the next, and the next, and the next... Can you describe your reasoning?

Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Use the animation to help you work out how many lines are needed to draw mystic roses of different sizes.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?