Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that
cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can
make? And the greatest?
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the
quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What
number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to
dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify
Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How
about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you
can predict what will happen.
Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.
Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?
How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?
Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?
Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the
site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to
develop the skills of strategic planning.
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Can you explain how this card trick works?
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a
factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and
16 is a factor of 48.
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of
adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain
why and prove it?
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how
You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .
This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.
Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?
This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they
usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many
altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases
overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of
his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.