Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Pick the number of times a week that you eat chocolate. This number must be more than one but less than ten. Multiply this number by 2. Add 5 (for Sunday). Multiply by 50... Can you explain why it. . . .

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?