Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Use the animation to help you work out how many lines are needed to draw mystic roses of different sizes.

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Three circles have a maximum of six intersections with each other. What is the maximum number of intersections that a hundred circles could have?

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Draw a square. A second square of the same size slides around the first always maintaining contact and keeping the same orientation. How far does the dot travel?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums? 1/2 + 2/1 = 2/3 + 3/2 = 3/4 + 4/3 =

Take any two positive numbers. Calculate the arithmetic and geometric means. Repeat the calculations to generate a sequence of arithmetic means and geometric means. Make a note of what happens to the. . . .

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

A game for 2 players. Set out 16 counters in rows of 1,3,5 and 7. Players take turns to remove any number of counters from a row. The player left with the last counter looses.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The winner is the player to take the last counter.

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Choose a couple of the sequences. Try to picture how to make the next, and the next, and the next... Can you describe your reasoning?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.