Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?