Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?