Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.