Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Use the animation to help you work out how many lines are needed to draw mystic roses of different sizes.

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

A game for 2 players. Set out 16 counters in rows of 1,3,5 and 7. Players take turns to remove any number of counters from a row. The player left with the last counter looses.

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Start with two numbers. This is the start of a sequence. The next number is the average of the last two numbers. Continue the sequence. What will happen if you carry on for ever?

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?