Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.
What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that
cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can
make? And the greatest?
What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
Can you explain how this card trick works?
Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers
and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how
While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which
seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the
foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?
Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.
One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?
Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?
In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the
quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just
like the one I have here?
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.
This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.
Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?
Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?
Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?
Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What
number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to
dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?
Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?
Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the
numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the
rule for giving another set of six numbers?
Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?
Use the animation to help you work out how many lines are needed to draw mystic roses of different sizes.
Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the
site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to
develop the skills of strategic planning.
Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.
Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with
a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a
layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How
about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you
can predict what will happen.
If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable.
Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.
How many different journeys could you make if you were going to visit four stations in this network? How about if there were five stations? Can you predict the number of journeys for seven stations?
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there
are in different sized boxes?
The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit
fractions. Here is a chance to explore how they could have written
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they
usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many
altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these
three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?