Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number youâ€™re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Use the animation to help you work out how many lines are needed to draw mystic roses of different sizes.

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

Three circles have a maximum of six intersections with each other. What is the maximum number of intersections that a hundred circles could have?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Draw a square. A second square of the same size slides around the first always maintaining contact and keeping the same orientation. How far does the dot travel?

What size square corners should be cut from a square piece of paper to make a box with the largest possible volume?

Explore the effect of reflecting in two intersecting mirror lines.

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

How many different journeys could you make if you were going to visit four stations in this network? How about if there were five stations? Can you predict the number of journeys for seven stations?

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?