Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?
Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that
cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can
make? And the greatest?
Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or
subtract consecutive negative numbers?
Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What
number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to
dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?
Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
Can you explain how this card trick works?
Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how
Take a look at the multiplication square. The first eleven triangle
numbers have been identified. Can you see a pattern? Does the
A package contains a set of resources designed to develop
pupils’ mathematical thinking. This package places a
particular emphasis on “generalising” and is designed
to meet the. . . .
Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten
numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.
Can you find sets of sloping lines that enclose a square?
How many moves does it take to swap over some red and blue frogs? Do you have a method?
Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of
squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle
One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?
Can you find the values at the vertices when you know the values on
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering
the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way
that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases
overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of
his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
Think of a number, add one, double it, take away 3, add the number
you first thought of, add 7, divide by 3 and take away the number
you first thought of. You should now be left with 2. How do I. . . .
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers
and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there
are in different sized boxes?
Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat?
How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the
quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for
explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the
This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.
It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled
In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.
It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but
what if they were tilted?
This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.
Can you tangle yourself up and reach any fraction?
Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.
These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe
the pattern? What would the next square look like?
Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?
Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a
pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow
paint on their faces?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable.
Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.
Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.
It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!
Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with
a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a
layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?