In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Use the animation to help you work out how many lines are needed to draw mystic roses of different sizes.

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?

Can you dissect a square into: 4, 7, 10, 13... other squares? 6, 9, 12, 15... other squares? 8, 11, 14... other squares?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The winner is the player to take the last counter.

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?