Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Can you dissect a square into: 4, 7, 10, 13... other squares? 6, 9, 12, 15... other squares? 8, 11, 14... other squares?

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

Use the animation to help you work out how many lines are needed to draw mystic roses of different sizes.

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .