In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.
Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?
Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number you’re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?
Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for
explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the
How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you
move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up
with the same arrangement?
Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.
These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe
the pattern? What would the next square look like?
Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that
MUST touch two others. How many are needed?
Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?
Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be
drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.
Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10
While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which
seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the
foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?
What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight
from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by
99 square board?
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the
quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.
If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable.
Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there
are in different sized boxes?
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these
three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in
Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with
a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a
layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?
Three circles have a maximum of six intersections with each other.
What is the maximum number of intersections that a hundred circles
Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?
Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of
Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?
In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.
One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?
Take any two positive numbers. Calculate the arithmetic and geometric means. Repeat the calculations to generate a sequence of arithmetic means and geometric means. Make a note of what happens to the. . . .
What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums?
1/2 + 2/1 =
2/3 + 3/2 =
3/4 + 4/3 =
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
This article for teachers describes several games, found on the
site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to
develop the skills of strategic planning.
Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd
numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?
Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?
An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify
Choose a couple of the sequences. Try to picture how to make the next, and the next, and the next... Can you describe your reasoning?
Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that
cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can
make? And the greatest?
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they
usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many
altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
How many different journeys could you make if you were going to visit four stations in this network? How about if there were five stations? Can you predict the number of journeys for seven stations?
Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?
How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just
like the one I have here?
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How
about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you
can predict what will happen.