Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that
cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can
make? And the greatest?
How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a
factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and
16 is a factor of 48.
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How
about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you
can predict what will happen.
Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the
quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down
all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur
most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of
adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain
why and prove it?
This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.
Ben’s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?
Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What
number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to
dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?
You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .
Find the sum of all three-digit numbers each of whose digits is
Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?
If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable.
Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.
How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there
are in different sized boxes?
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they
usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many
altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.
Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with
a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a
layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?
Use the animation to help you work out how many lines are needed to draw mystic roses of different sizes.
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify
One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?
Charlie and Abi put a counter on 42. They wondered if they could visit all the other numbers on their 1-100 board, moving the counter using just these two operations: x2 and -5. What do you think?
Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.
Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers
and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind
Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the
numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the
rule for giving another set of six numbers?