An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

A game for 2 players with similaritlies to NIM. Place one counter on each spot on the games board. Players take it is turns to remove 1 or 2 adjacent counters. The winner picks up the last counter.

A game for 2 players. Set out 16 counters in rows of 1,3,5 and 7. Players take turns to remove any number of counters from a row. The player left with the last counter looses.

Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The winner is the player to take the last counter.

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums? 1/2 + 2/1 = 2/3 + 3/2 = 3/4 + 4/3 =

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?

Problem solving is at the heart of the NRICH site. All the problems give learners opportunities to learn, develop or use mathematical concepts and skills. Read here for more information.

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

A little bit of algebra explains this 'magic'. Ask a friend to pick 3 consecutive numbers and to tell you a multiple of 3. Then ask them to add the four numbers and multiply by 67, and to tell you. . . .

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

It starts quite simple but great opportunities for number discoveries and patterns!

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.

Charlie has made a Magic V. Can you use his example to make some more? And how about Magic Ls, Ns and Ws?

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Charlie has moved between countries and the average income of both has increased. How can this be so?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. Here is a chance to explore how they could have written different fractions.

Take any two positive numbers. Calculate the arithmetic and geometric means. Repeat the calculations to generate a sequence of arithmetic means and geometric means. Make a note of what happens to the. . . .

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?