Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a
factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and
16 is a factor of 48.
This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.
In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that
cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can
make? And the greatest?
Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3
digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits
you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit
fractions. Here is a chance to explore how they could have written
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the
quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
Can you tangle yourself up and reach any fraction?
It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled
Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify
Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?
Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they
usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many
altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
Are these statements always true, sometimes true or never true?
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How
about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you
can predict what will happen.
A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?
How many different journeys could you make if you were going to visit four stations in this network? How about if there were five stations? Can you predict the number of journeys for seven stations?
Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.
Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?
Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.
Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?
List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of
adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain
why and prove it?
Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.
How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?
Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?
Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?
One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?
What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums?
1/2 + 2/1 =
2/3 + 3/2 =
3/4 + 4/3 =
Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?
Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?
In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.
The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases
overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of
his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?
Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?