Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled ropes...

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .

The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. Here is a chance to explore how they could have written different fractions.

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums? 1/2 + 2/1 = 2/3 + 3/2 = 3/4 + 4/3 =

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The winner is the player to take the last counter.

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?