This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled ropes...

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. Here is a chance to explore how they could have written different fractions.

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Pick a square within a multiplication square and add the numbers on each diagonal. What do you notice?

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The winner is the player to take the last counter.