Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .

Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. Here is a chance to explore how they could have written different fractions.

It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled ropes...

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums? 1/2 + 2/1 = 2/3 + 3/2 = 3/4 + 4/3 =

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

When number pyramids have a sequence on the bottom layer, some interesting patterns emerge...

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

The NRICH team are always looking for new ways to engage teachers and pupils in problem solving. Here we explain the thinking behind maths trails.

Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?

A 2 by 3 rectangle contains 8 squares and a 3 by 4 rectangle contains 20 squares. What size rectangle(s) contain(s) exactly 100 squares? Can you find them all?

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

In how many ways can you arrange three dice side by side on a surface so that the sum of the numbers on each of the four faces (top, bottom, front and back) is equal?