This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

Do you notice anything about the solutions when you add and/or subtract consecutive negative numbers?

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Four bags contain a large number of 1s, 3s, 5s and 7s. Pick any ten numbers from the bags above so that their total is 37.

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

Can you find the values at the vertices when you know the values on the edges?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

How many moves does it take to swap over some red and blue frogs? Do you have a method?

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Square numbers can be represented as the sum of consecutive odd numbers. What is the sum of 1 + 3 + ..... + 149 + 151 + 153?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Imagine you have a large supply of 3kg and 8kg weights. How many of each weight would you need for the average (mean) of the weights to be 6kg? What other averages could you have?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?

Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.