A three digit number abc is always divisible by 7 when 2a+3b+c is divisible by 7. Why?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Choose any 3 digits and make a 6 digit number by repeating the 3 digits in the same order (e.g. 594594). Explain why whatever digits you choose the number will always be divisible by 7, 11 and 13.

Ben’s class were making cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

How many pairs of numbers can you find that add up to a multiple of 11? Do you notice anything interesting about your results?

List any 3 numbers. It is always possible to find a subset of adjacent numbers that add up to a multiple of 3. Can you explain why and prove it?

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Imagine we have four bags containing a large number of 1s, 4s, 7s and 10s. What numbers can we make?

Take any two digit number, for example 58. What do you have to do to reverse the order of the digits? Can you find a rule for reversing the order of digits for any two digit number?

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Many numbers can be expressed as the sum of two or more consecutive integers. For example, 15=7+8 and 10=1+2+3+4. Can you say which numbers can be expressed in this way?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

Charlie has made a Magic V. Can you use his example to make some more? And how about Magic Ls, Ns and Ws?

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

Consider all two digit numbers (10, 11, . . . ,99). In writing down all these numbers, which digits occur least often, and which occur most often ? What about three digit numbers, four digit numbers. . . .

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

Caroline and James pick sets of five numbers. Charlie chooses three of them that add together to make a multiple of three. Can they stop him?

Can you find an efficient method to work out how many handshakes there would be if hundreds of people met?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

What happens when you round these three-digit numbers to the nearest 100?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?

Imagine we have four bags containing numbers from a sequence. What numbers can we make now?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Start with two numbers. This is the start of a sequence. The next number is the average of the last two numbers. Continue the sequence. What will happen if you carry on for ever?

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

Imagine a large cube made from small red cubes being dropped into a pot of yellow paint. How many of the small cubes will have yellow paint on their faces?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

How many moves does it take to swap over some red and blue frogs? Do you have a method?

Spotting patterns can be an important first step - explaining why it is appropriate to generalise is the next step, and often the most interesting and important.