Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

The number of plants in Mr McGregor's magic potting shed increases overnight. He'd like to put the same number of plants in each of his gardens, planting one garden each day. How can he do it?

Can you work out how to win this game of Nim? Does it matter if you go first or second?

The aim of the game is to slide the green square from the top right hand corner to the bottom left hand corner in the least number of moves.

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

What are the areas of these triangles? What do you notice? Can you generalise to other "families" of triangles?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number youâ€™re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

Imagine an infinitely large sheet of square dotty paper on which you can draw triangles of any size you wish (providing each vertex is on a dot). What areas is it/is it not possible to draw?

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

This article for teachers describes several games, found on the site, all of which have a related structure that can be used to develop the skills of strategic planning.

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.

It's easy to work out the areas of most squares that we meet, but what if they were tilted?

Euler discussed whether or not it was possible to stroll around Koenigsberg crossing each of its seven bridges exactly once. Experiment with different numbers of islands and bridges.

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

Start with any number of counters in any number of piles. 2 players take it in turns to remove any number of counters from a single pile. The winner is the player to take the last counter.

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

We can show that (x + 1)² = x² + 2x + 1 by considering the area of an (x + 1) by (x + 1) square. Show in a similar way that (x + 2)² = x² + 4x + 4