Here are some arrangements of circles. How many circles would I need to make the next size up for each? Can you create your own arrangement and investigate the number of circles it needs?

Think of a number, square it and subtract your starting number. Is the number youâ€™re left with odd or even? How do the images help to explain this?

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

How can you arrange these 10 matches in four piles so that when you move one match from three of the piles into the fourth, you end up with the same arrangement?

Take a counter and surround it by a ring of other counters that MUST touch two others. How many are needed?

Watch this film carefully. Can you find a general rule for explaining when the dot will be this same distance from the horizontal axis?

These squares have been made from Cuisenaire rods. Can you describe the pattern? What would the next square look like?

Use the interactivity to investigate what kinds of triangles can be drawn on peg boards with different numbers of pegs.

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

What would be the smallest number of moves needed to move a Knight from a chess set from one corner to the opposite corner of a 99 by 99 square board?

Can you see why 2 by 2 could be 5? Can you predict what 2 by 10 will be?

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

Place the numbers from 1 to 9 in the squares below so that the difference between joined squares is odd. How many different ways can you do this?

Triangle numbers can be represented by a triangular array of squares. What do you notice about the sum of identical triangle numbers?

If you can copy a network without lifting your pen off the paper and without drawing any line twice, then it is traversable. Decide which of these diagrams are traversable.

Delight your friends with this cunning trick! Can you explain how it works?

How could Penny, Tom and Matthew work out how many chocolates there are in different sized boxes?

Imagine starting with one yellow cube and covering it all over with a single layer of red cubes, and then covering that cube with a layer of blue cubes. How many red and blue cubes would you need?

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled ropes...

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Strike it Out game for an adult and child. Can you stop your partner from being able to go?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

An article for teachers and pupils that encourages you to look at the mathematical properties of similar games.

One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?

Can you describe this route to infinity? Where will the arrows take you next?

In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.

In this game for two players, the idea is to take it in turns to choose 1, 3, 5 or 7. The winner is the first to make the total 37.

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

This activity involves rounding four-digit numbers to the nearest thousand.

Try entering different sets of numbers in the number pyramids. How does the total at the top change?

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Use your addition and subtraction skills, combined with some strategic thinking, to beat your partner at this game.