This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.

Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.

This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.

Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what happens?

Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?

The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .

Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?

Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.

How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?

Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?

This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.

Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?

While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?

In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?

What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you can predict what will happen.

Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?

Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?

This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!

We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?

An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify predictions.

What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums? 1/2 + 2/1 = 2/3 + 3/2 = 3/4 + 4/3 =

Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and 16 is a factor of 48.

In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.

Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in Cambridge.

Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?

In this problem we are looking at sets of parallel sticks that cross each other. What is the least number of crossings you can make? And the greatest?

It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled ropes...

How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just like the one I have here?

Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?

Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of your own.

Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?

Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?

Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.

In how many different ways can you break up a stick of 7 interlocking cubes? Now try with a stick of 8 cubes and a stick of 6 cubes.

Take any whole number between 1 and 999, add the squares of the digits to get a new number. Make some conjectures about what happens in general.

A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.

The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit fractions. Here is a chance to explore how they could have written different fractions.

What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.

Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?

For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?

Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?

Can you dissect an equilateral triangle into 6 smaller ones? What number of smaller equilateral triangles is it NOT possible to dissect a larger equilateral triangle into?

Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?

Find a route from the outside to the inside of this square, stepping on as many tiles as possible.

You can work out the number someone else is thinking of as follows. Ask a friend to think of any natural number less than 100. Then ask them to tell you the remainders when this number is divided by. . . .

Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?

Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the rule for giving another set of six numbers?