This challenge, written for the Young Mathematicians' Award, invites you to explore 'centred squares'.
This challenge asks you to imagine a snake coiling on itself.
While we were sorting some papers we found 3 strange sheets which
seemed to come from small books but there were page numbers at the
foot of each page. Did the pages come from the same book?
Can you continue this pattern of triangles and begin to predict how many sticks are used for each new "layer"?
Try adding together the dates of all the days in one week. Now
multiply the first date by 7 and add 21. Can you explain what
This challenge encourages you to explore dividing a three-digit number by a single-digit number.
Find the sum and difference between a pair of two-digit numbers. Now find the sum and difference between the sum and difference! What happens?
Can you see how to build a harmonic triangle? Can you work out the next two rows?
An investigation that gives you the opportunity to make and justify
Tom and Ben visited Numberland. Use the maps to work out the number of points each of their routes scores.
How many ways can you find to do up all four buttons on my coat? How about if I had five buttons? Six ...?
Benâ€™s class were cutting up number tracks. First they cut them into twos and added up the numbers on each piece. What patterns could they see?
Polygonal numbers are those that are arranged in shapes as they enlarge. Explore the polygonal numbers drawn here.
The sum of the numbers 4 and 1 [1/3] is the same as the product of 4 and 1 [1/3]; that is to say 4 + 1 [1/3] = 4 × 1 [1/3]. What other numbers have the sum equal to the product and can this be so for. . . .
This challenge focuses on finding the sum and difference of pairs of two-digit numbers.
In a Magic Square all the rows, columns and diagonals add to the 'Magic Constant'. How would you change the magic constant of this square?
Only one side of a two-slice toaster is working. What is the
quickest way to toast both sides of three slices of bread?
What happens if you join every second point on this circle? How
about every third point? Try with different steps and see if you
can predict what will happen.
This task follows on from Build it Up and takes the ideas into three dimensions!
Can you find all the ways to get 15 at the top of this triangle of numbers?
We can arrange dots in a similar way to the 5 on a dice and they
usually sit quite well into a rectangular shape. How many
altogether in this 3 by 5? What happens for other sizes?
In each of the pictures the invitation is for you to: Count what you see. Identify how you think the pattern would continue.
Can you put the numbers 1-5 in the V shape so that both 'arms' have the same total?
How many centimetres of rope will I need to make another mat just
like the one I have here?
Can you make dice stairs using the rules stated? How do you know you have all the possible stairs?
What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?
A game for two people, or play online. Given a target number, say 23, and a range of numbers to choose from, say 1-4, players take it in turns to add to the running total to hit their target.
Find out what a "fault-free" rectangle is and try to make some of
Rectangles are considered different if they vary in size or have different locations. How many different rectangles can be drawn on a chessboard?
Sweets are given out to party-goers in a particular way. Investigate the total number of sweets received by people sitting in different positions.
How many different journeys could you make if you were going to visit four stations in this network? How about if there were five stations? Can you predict the number of journeys for seven stations?
Compare the numbers of particular tiles in one or all of these
three designs, inspired by the floor tiles of a church in
One block is needed to make an up-and-down staircase, with one step up and one step down. How many blocks would be needed to build an up-and-down staircase with 5 steps up and 5 steps down?
Find some examples of pairs of numbers such that their sum is a
factor of their product. eg. 4 + 12 = 16 and 4 × 12 = 48 and
16 is a factor of 48.
What would you get if you continued this sequence of fraction sums?
1/2 + 2/1 =
2/3 + 3/2 =
3/4 + 4/3 =
Take any whole number between 1 and 999, add the squares of the
digits to get a new number. Make some conjectures about what
happens in general.
What can you say about these shapes? This problem challenges you to create shapes with different areas and perimeters.
Investigate the sum of the numbers on the top and bottom faces of a line of three dice. What do you notice?
Here are two kinds of spirals for you to explore. What do you notice?
Are these statements relating to odd and even numbers always true, sometimes true or never true?
For this challenge, you'll need to play Got It! Can you explain the strategy for winning this game with any target?
The Egyptians expressed all fractions as the sum of different unit
fractions. Here is a chance to explore how they could have written
Got It game for an adult and child. How can you play so that you know you will always win?
Can all unit fractions be written as the sum of two unit fractions?
Put the numbers 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 into the squares so that the
numbers on each circle add up to the same amount. Can you find the
rule for giving another set of six numbers?
It would be nice to have a strategy for disentangling any tangled
Can you tangle yourself up and reach any fraction?
Watch this video to see how to roll the dice. Now it's your turn! What do you notice about the dice numbers you have recorded?
Nim-7 game for an adult and child. Who will be the one to take the last counter?
Use two dice to generate two numbers with one decimal place. What happens when you round these numbers to the nearest whole number?